Satyendra Nath Bose FRS was an Indian mathematician and physicist specialising in theoretical physics.

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Satyendra Nath Bose founded quantum statistics in 1924 when he discovered a new way to derive Planck's radiation law.

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Bose's method was based on the argument that one photon of light is not distinguishable from another of the same color, which meant that a new way of counting particles was needed – Bose's statistics.

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Google Saturday celebrated Indian physicist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose and his contribution to the Bose-Einstein Condensate with a doodle..

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At age 15, Bose started pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree at Calcutta’s Presidency College and earned a Master’s in Applied Mathematics at the University of Calcutta soon after

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Since childhood, his father, who was an accountant, would write an arithmetic problem for him to solve before leaving for work, feulling Bose’s interest in mathematics

While teaching postgraduate students Planck’s radiation formula, Bose had questioned the way particles were counted and began experimenting with his own theories.

He documented his findings in a report called Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta, and had sent it to a prominent science journal called The Philosophical Magazine.

When his research was rejected, he decided to mail his paper to Albert Einstein.

Einstein recognised the significance of the discovery — and soon applied Bose’s formula to a wide range of phenomena

Bose’s theoretical paper became one of the most important findings in quantum theory